A Solemn and Spiritual Path: The Amanda Trail Story
The Amanda Trail is a 25 year endeavor that created ripples throughout the Yachats Community. The Trail built greater awareness, understanding, and appreciation of the history of the local Original People, and led to a commitment to preserve that history including archaeological site preservation.
(Written by Joanne Kittel)
In 1984, Loyd Collett was a Siuslaw National Forest (SNF) and in charge of the Cape Perpetua Scenic Area. A builder of a number of miles of trail in Cape Perpetua, Amanda was the last trail he had planned for the Scenic Area. Loyd placed it on their 5-year trail construction plan, and continued on to do a feasibility check and preliminary route location. He had first completed several other trails in the scenic area including the leg of the Oregon Coast Trail going south from the Visitor Center, through a portion of Neptune State Park and on to Cummings Creek. He needed a trail down the north face of Cape Perpetua to complete the Oregon State Trail route all the way through the Scenic Area; that was SNF’s agreement with Oregon Parks and Recreation Department (OPRD). The OPRD trails coordinator, Pete Bond, walked and approved his proposed location, which was a change from the original state plan, and Loyd agreed to make it happen. Several months later, he attended a workshop conducted by renowned historian Stephen Dow Beckham. That prompted him to read the book, Indians of Western Oregon: This land Was Theirs (1977) by Beckham. He learned of the Amanda Story. So deeply moved, he named the proposed trail, Amanda.
However, the trail was not built. Constructing a trail down the north side of Cape Perpetua was put on the shelf because the north termination of the trail would lead hikers down to Highway 101 at a dangerous curve without a safety lane.
In 1986, Joanne and Norman Kittel bought the 27+ acres adjacent to the north side of the Cape. Part of their stewardship was to embark on three projects: Build the Oregon Coast Trail through their property, learn local Indigenous history, and create a conservation easement. They never imagined these three projects becoming intertwined and having the impact that their completion created.
Still living in Minnesota, the Kittels began their journey through the bureaucratic maze regarding having the trail built. It took a number of phone calls and during visits to find out the contact would be OPRD. By that time, SNF, strapped for funds and understaffed (and they still are), was no longer interested in building that trail. Barriers abound despite Kittels’ willingness to donate a permanent easement, namely no OPRD funds and staff to build the trail. One by one, Kittels figured out alternatives and convinced the SNF it was a worthy project.
Kittels were curious about the name Amanda. Was it a staff member’s name or relative? While visiting Yachats in 1987, Joanne Kittel found Beckham’s book in the Yachats library and read it. She too found the Amanda story and wondered….is this proposed trail named after her and in remembrance of the atrocities that occurred at the Alsea Sub-agency located in this area from 1860-1875 and beyond? The following year her suspicion was confirmed but no one presently working at the Cape remembered who named it. On the same trip, Joanne discovered an information sign at the Yachats Cemetery about the Alsea Sub-agency that gave an entirely different story; literally that the Alsea Sub-agency was an idyllic community. Not until the Kittels built their home and moved to Yachats in 1993, did Joanne and a new friend, Suzanne Curtis, embark on a research quest to find the truth.
Despite re-initiating this project in 1987, it took to 1997 to complete the trail from the top of Cape Perpetua through the Kittel property, a length of 2.6 miles. Angell Job Corps students built the trail down Cape Perpetua. When Pete Bond could not find volunteers to build the half mile across the Kittel property, Joanne found volunteers from Yachats to join her and built the trail in the next several months. The original Amanda Bridge was built on Labor Day weekend with OPRD staff, including Pete, SNF staff, Job Corps students, Kittels and friends, all volunteering. They built it in three days and with zero dollars. Dedication occurred in April, 1998. Over 120 people attended; the largest attendance in OPRD history.
From 1993-1996, Joanne and Suzanne conducted gathering of information from prior research conducted from the late 1800’s to near present on the local Indigenous People who lived here for thousands of years and what has come to be known at the prison camp years. Through the gathering process, they discovered the probable origins of the Yachats name. This was no longer a personal journey, but one that became a very carefully conducted project under the supervision of Robert Kentta, Cultural Resources Director and Tribal Council member with the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians, Don Whereat, then the first Historian for the Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians, and Phyllis Steeves, then, the Archaeologist and Tribal Liaison with SNF. They generously gave of their time; and Joanne and Suzanne went on to write an article that spoke the historical truth. The article was distributed throughout Yachats in 1996. Their promise to both Tribes was that copies would be given away or sold at cost. (That promise has been kept to present.) The article was met with mixed reviews from locals. Most were positive. Locals were thankful for this important information. Some were critical since it challenged some of their beliefs, values and sense of entitlement.
Instead of the article and its information going away, upon the opening of the Amanda Trail and the telling of the story at the dedication, distribution of the article grew. In 2005, it was placed on a website. Hundreds of people have read it. The article was revised in 2010 adding more relevant information that had been gathered. The same three supervisors stepped forward to again help and assure that the new information was accurate. Additionally, Patti Whereat Phillips, Linguist with the Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians, helped and contributed greatly to the article.
One of the attendees at the 98 dedication was George Copage. He was deeply moved by the Amanda story and the genocide committed against the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Alsea Indians’ during their imprisonment. A few years later he was gifted with a magnificent statue created by a local artist, Sy Meadow. George called the statue, Amanda. He thought the statue belonged to the trail and donated it in 2003. When that statue was discovered, the population of hikers on the Amanda Trail exploded, and more people were drawn to read the article.
As the trail was being built on the Kittel property, archaeological sites were discovered, prompting Kittels to contact Phyllis Steeves and the State Historical Preservation Office (SHPO). Those sites are now numbered. But that is not good enough. Yes, there are state and federal laws protecting sites, but enforcement is almost impossible, and the fines are minor when violations are discovered and prosecuted. Kittels wanted to create a conservation easement to protect not only the green space and wildlife (preventing clear-cutting, hunting, and sub-division), but also to add another layer of protection for the archaeological sites. Even that proved difficult. Oregon was one of the last States to have a conservation easement statue. When one was instituted, if Kittels created such a conservation easement, their property taxes would have gone up substantially because the property was supposed to be used for tree farming and the taxes taken when the trees were harvested (severance tax). An additional statue was finally created that allowed forest lands and agricultural farms to roll part or all of their property into conservation easements without tax penalty and increases. Kittels got their conservation easement. As far as SHPO knows, Kittels are the first to have archaeological site protection included in a conservation easement in the State of Oregon.
But, the Amanda Trail was not done. Its north termination was at the end of the Kittel property and right back on highway for hikers to traverse at their own risk. Despite Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) and OPRD wanting the connection to the town of Yachats, they thought it could not be done. Most of the property owners along that route did not want to give easements. After Joanne Kittel witnessed a woman almost killed by a vehicle trying to access the Amanda Trail, she pleaded with the newly formed Yachats Trails Committee to help problem-solve this safety risk. New residents of Yachats, Jerry Sand, landscape architect and Kathleen Sand, school teacher, and both avid environmentalists, took a look at the ODOT easement. Jerry found a solution. OPRD and ODOT listened and agreed. The City of Yachats and its business community began to acknowledge the value of trails not only for recreational and ascetic purposes but for economic development. For the first time, the City of Yachats wrote a grant application and gave the matching funds for a project that mostly existed outside of city limits.
While researching and writing an application to nominate the Giant Spruce Tree of Cape Perpetua to become an Oregon Heritage Tree in 2006, Joanne Kittel and Sally Lockyear interviewed retired SNF staff who worked at Cape Perpetua. One of them was Loyd Collet. During the course of the interview, Loyd told Joanne and Sally about his naming the Amanda Trail. Mystery who named the Trail was solved.
The Amanda Trail was completed in 2009 since it was first conceived 25 years before. A second dedication took place in July of that year. Close to 200 people came and at least 30 Tribal members. It was an emotional event as the public greeted Tribal members and told them how sorry they were for the genocide of their People at the Alsea Sub-agency. There was lovely Native American flute music and moving speeches.
The original Amanda Bridge was failing. Built with zero dollars, it was meant to only last for 10 years. On its 14th season it was seriously faltering and needed to be replaced. In partnership with a local conservation, non-profit, View the Future, a grant application was written and granted. In 2011, a 62 foot continuous span fiberglass was built. Matching money came from View the Future, City of Yachats, private individuals, and the Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Tribes. State Park staff, Angel Job Corps students, and Tribal members worked alongside of local Yachatians, all volunteers, dismantling the old bridge and building the new. A dedication occurred with Tribal participation. The song, Amanda, was introduced, composed by the Tribes’ flutist, Doc Slyter.
Initiated by Lauralee Svendsgaard, Yachats Trails Chair, Yachats hosts the Peace Hike on New Years’ Day. It is a 5.5 mile round-trip hike from the Yachats Commons (community center) to the Amanda Bridge and statue with Native American flute music being played. The Amanda Story is told. Ceremony takes place in the grotto on the Amanda Creek in front of the Amanda statue. A reception follows. Many Tribal members attend.
The relationship between Yachats and the Tribes has grown since. Amanda is a testament to helping First Nations Peoples transcend historical trauma. It has inspired and united the Yachats community. Knowing, understanding and appreciating our local First Nations’ history by our local community and the public at large have helped heal the wounds bringing reconciliation and collaboration to a previously divided people.
And the truth about the history of the Original People of this area endures. The Amanda Trail is a solemn and spiritual path that remembers in perpetuity.
In the course of the research, a significant archaeological site was re-discovered near the Amanda Trail – a site thought to been destroyed. It is now re-numbered and protected by neighbors. The Giant Spruce was awarded the distinction of Oregon heritage Tree in 2006. A celebration attended by over 150 occurred in Yachats in 2007 in conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the Siuslaw National Forest.
Dr. Maria Yellow Horse Braveheart, PhD. “Historical Trauma is the cumulative and psychological wounding over the lifespan and across generations, emanating from massive group genocide.” www.historical trauma.com
QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?
Contact the Site Manager at 541-547-5470
For information about this site and other webs developed by Soft Solutions, click here .
For Yachats information, visit Yachats.Info
Last Modified :5/22/2014
© 2004-2008 Soft Solutions